Does Bard’s Jack of all Trades increase passive checks?

Does Bard’s Jack of all Trades increase passive checks?

Jack of all Trades increases all ability checks in which the bard is not proficient.
Passive checks are ability checks. (PHB5e p.54 & 175, respectively)
Does that mean I can add half my proficiency to Passive Perception (Wisdom)?
I know it works on initiative, so probably on passive checks as well, right?

Solutions/Answers:

Answer 1:

Yup, you halve-and-add your proficiency bonus to even passive checks.

Jack of all Trades. …add half your proficiency bonus, rounded down, to any ability check you make that doesn’t already include your proficiency bonus. (PHB p.54, emphasis mine)

Combined with

Passive Checks. A passive check is a special kind of ability check….

Here’s how to determine a character’s total for a passive check:

10 + all modifiers that normally apply to the check.

(PHB p.175, emphasis mine)

So as long your Jack of All Trades modifier normally applies to your Perception (Wisdom) check, then it applies to the passive version.

References

Are weapons and armor made of Mithral or Adamantine considered magical?

Are weapons and armor made of Mithral or Adamantine considered magical?

In a recent dungeon crawl, I was ambushed by some grey ooze. The ooze managed to land a couple successful hits on me, which would normally cause my armor to degrade. However, I was using a set of mithral chain mail that I had found in a previous session. I know that the statistics for mithral and adamant items are found in the DMG, which leads me to believe they are magical, but their descriptions don't really imply that they are magical. 
Is the mithral armor considered magical for the purpose of resisting effects like degrading from the ooze? I also know that adamant armor and weapons exist in our game. Would they follow the same ruling as mithral?  

Solutions/Answers:

Answer 1:

There are magic and non-magic items made from adamantine

While the DMG lists Adamantine Armor as a magic item, some items made from adamantine are not magic.

Gargoyles resist damage from “nonmagical weapons that aren’t adamantine” (MM, p 140). It follows there would be nonmagical weapons that are adamantine.

So, adamantine weapons would strike gargoyles similarly to how magic weapons would, without being magic weapons, or even magic items. Mechanically, they are similar to silvered weapons (the phrasing in monsters’ resistances blocks are the same) but they defeat a different set of monsters’ damage resistances.

Xanathar’s Guide does not call Adamantium “Magical”

Xanathar’s Guide to Everything (p. 78) has a section on adamantium weapons which describes adamatine as “an ultrahard metal found in meteorites and extraordinary mineral veins” but does not mention it being magical.

Xanathar’s lists the properties of weapons “made from or coated by” adamantine. These are distinct from the proprties of magic items. For example, adamantine weapons don’t get magic item resiliency.

Official Example (Spoiler Alert)

There is an example of such a weapon in official Wizard’s 5e material.

In The Lost Mine of Phandelver, the Spider Staff is a “black, adamantine staff” that “can be wielded as a quarterstaff.”

Note, the staff does not strike as a “magic quarterstaff” like the Staff of Power does. It is a magic item but not a magic weapon. As far as whomping things goes, it is a “nonmagical weapon made of adamantine.”

For mithral items, the rules say very little

I’m not aware of any mention of mithral in the core rules outside of the magic armor. A DM might follow the example of adamantine — that it’s a rare metal that is often found in magic items. Or they might rule it is inherently magical.

Magic Items are defined as such. Custom items are defined by your DM.

If an item is listed as a magic item then in general they would have the qualities common to magic items of their type. A custom item invented by your DM might have any properties.

The particular qualities of any particular item in your game are of course up your DM. Your character might (and probably should) learn whether an item is magical or not, and its properties, resistances, etc., by means such as an Identify spell.

Answer 2:

Mithral and Adamantine armor appear under the “Magic Items” header of the DMG, and are listed in the magic item tables (Adamantine armor is actually the very first entry on pg. 150). This means that they are magic items, with all the attendant properties.

I don’t think there’s any listing for adamantine weapons anywhere in the handbooks. Given that the armors made from those materials are magic, it’s not a stretch to say that the corresponding weapons are also magic.

Lore-wise, this can be justified by saying that adamantine and mithral are inherently magical materials.

Answer 3:

Most metals block magical abilities (yet I’m not aware of normal metal protecting from magic, as it does in certain other game systems… {Palladium}-{cough}-{hack}-{wheeze}).

Adamantine is unusually strong; one listing for Adamantine armor states that it prevents Criticals. Conversely, a weapon made with adamantine might increase the likelihood of criticals, or do extra damage against armor.

Adamantine armor is listed as a magical item.

Mithral is light & flexible, imposing no penalty on Dex/Str checks. Mithral items often seem to list resistance to magic or psychic attacks.

Mithral armor is listed as a magical item.

I’m not aware of any armor material being resistant to acid damage (unless you count some crystals); doesn’t mean it couldn’t be made to resist it though.

From what I’ve read, it seems that just about any material can be endowed with magic; usually with the addition of gems as a requisite material. That said, I’m certain I’ve read somewhere that crafting certain magic items may require a specific material or alloy.

Mithral, adamantine, & orichalcum (copper-gold) are all extremely well suited to enchantment, even without adding a gem (I would still require a gem if energy is to be redirected, or stored). If an item doesn’t specify that it is magical, it generally isn’t, even if made from magic-conducting material.

An orichalcum sword which feels overly heavy might do only normal damage, until it is enchanted to do something more.

References